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Research Interest

My research interest is solely on frogs. Frogs are amazing species and they are easy to collect, have interesting life cycle, unique characteristics and evolutionary importance. My first inventory of frogs was in Bario consisted 18 species with 144 individuals. Next, I didinventory and monitoring of peat swamp frogs at Sedilu Forest Reserve. The number of species found there were quite low and no endemism was found in the peat swamp forest. My master thesis was quite different from the previous studies since I employed molecular tools to study population genetics of Bornean frogs. The three riparian Bornean frogs studied exhibited high levels of sequence divergence, relatively rare migration events and long evolutionary isolation.

My current research is an attempt (i) to survey the occurrence of the voiceless frogs and their relatives in Sarawak and Sabah, and (ii) to analyze phylogenetic of mtDNA within these voiceless frogs.

Selected Publications

Syed-Shabthar, S. M. F., M. K. A. Rosli, N. A. A. Mohd-Zin, S. M. N. Romaino, Z. A. Fazly-Ann, M. C. Mahani, O. Abas-Mazni, R. Zainuddin, S. Yaakop, and B. M. Md-Zain 2013. The molecular phylogenetic signature of Bali cattle revealed by maternal and paternal markers.Molecular biology reports (2013): 1-12. Impact Factor: 2.506.

Zainudin, R and Sazali, S. N 2012. A Morphometric Analysis Of Hylarana signata Group (Previously Known As Rana signata and Rana picturata) Of Malaysia. International Journal of Modern Physics: Conference Series. Vol. 9 (2012): 199–208.Ó World Scientific Publishing Company. DOI: 10.1142/S2010194512005260

Nakano, T., Zainudin, R. & Hikida, T. 2011. Phylogenetic position of gastrostomobdellid leeches (Hirudinida, Arhynchobdellida, Erpobdelliformes) and a new family for the genus Orobdella. Zoologica Scripta, 41, 177–185

Zainudin, R 2011. Assemblages of frogs species at Balambangan Island, Sabah, Malaysia. Borneo J. Resour. Sci. Tech. (2011) 1: 59-62

Zainudin R, D.F A. Gawin 2011. Optimization of Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) of Mitochondrial Cytochrome c Oxidase 1 (CO1) Gene in two Bornean Fanged Frogs. Pertanika J.Sci. & Technol. 19(1): 57-66.

Zainudin, R. B.M. Mohd Zain, S. Mohd Nor,M. A. Rahman, & A. Norhayati 2011. Ancient polymorphism within Hylarana signata (Amphibia: Anura: Ranidae) lineages of West (Peninsular) and East (Sarawak, Borneo) Malaysia. In: Biology and Conservation of Tropical Amphibians. Proceedings of the conference `Biology of the Amphibians in the Sunda Region, South-east Asia, edited by Indraneil Das, Alexander Haas and Andrew Alek Tuen. Institute of Biodiversity and Environment Conservation, University Malaysia Sarawak. Pp119-128.

Zainudin, R, Shukor Mohd Nor, Norhayati Ahmad, Badrul Munir Md-Zain and Mustafa Abdul Rahman 2010. Genetic Structure in Hylarana erythraea (Amphibia: Anura: Ranidae) from Malaysia. Zoological Studies 49(5): 688-702

Ramlah Zainudin 2010. Kenapa Katak Bernyanyi? Dewan Kosmik: pg22. Disember. Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka.

Norhayati, A., Chan, K.O., Daicus, B., Juliana, S., Ramlah, Z. & Graffe, T.U. 2010. A checklist ofherpetofauna of Lanjak Entimau Wildlife Sanctuary, Sarawak. In. Haji Mohamed, Isa Ipor,Meekiong K., Sapuan Ahmad & A. Ampeng. (Eds.). Lanjak Entimau Wildlife Sanctuary . Hidden Jewel in Sarawak‹ Akademi Sains Malaysia & Sarawak Forest Department). Pp. 273-286.

Zainudin, R., M.A. Rahman, B.M. Mohd Zain, S.M. Nor, A. Norhayati & R.F., Inger 2009. Ciri-ciri panggilan Katak Borneo (Genus: Hylarana) dari Populasi Sarawak, Malaysia Timur. Sains Malaysiana 38(5)(2009): 619–624

Zainudin, R., M.A. Rahman, B.M. Mohd Zain, S.M. Nor, A. Norhayati & R.F., Inger 2010. Mating call description of five species of Bornean frogs from the genus Hylarana Tschudi 1838 (Amphibia, Anura, Ranidae) from Sarawak, Malaysia (Borneo). Sains Malaysiana 39(3)(2010), 363–369

Zainudin, R 2002. Frog Diversity at Sedilu Peat Swamp Forest Reserve, Sarawak. Malayan Nature Journal56(3), 217-223

Zainudin, R., Mustafa, A.R., Marni, A. & Ketol, B. 2006. On the occurrence of anurans and their microhabitat utilizations at Sarawak Highlands, Malaysia; Bario, the Kelabit Highland and Borneo Highland Resort, Padawan. Journal of Widlife and Parks 23:29-43.

Selected publications - Proceedings

Ramlah Zainudin and Siti Nurlydia Sazali. 2012. A morphometric analysis of Hylarana signata group (previously known as Rana signata and Rana picturata) of Malaysia. International Conference Mathematical and Computational Biology 2011. International Journal of Modern Physics: Conference Series9: 199-208.

Inger, R.F., Stuebing, R.B. & Ramlah, Z. 2005. Peat swamp frogs of Borneo. In. Tuen, A.A. & Das, I. Wallace in Sarawak-150 Years later. An International Conference on biogeography and biodiversity. Pp.178-181. Kota Samarahan. Institute of Biodiversity And environmental Conservation. University Malaysia Sarawak.

Ramlah, Z. 2005. Mitochondrial DNA diversity in populations of the Bornean White-Lipped frog, Rana chalconota. Proceedings of the Second Regional Symposium on Environment & Natural Resources.Vol 2, pp 148-153.

Ramlah, Z. 2003. High levels ofmitochondrial DNA diversity in populations of BorneanLimnonectes leporinus. In Maryati, M., Matsui, M. & Boon, K.H. (eds). Herpetology and The Future. Proceedings of the International Conference on Bornean Herpetology. pp 64-71.

Ramlah, Z & Wasly, L, 2001a. The abundance of anurans in different types of forest in Malaysian Borneo. In Yaacob, Z., Moo-Tan, S & Yorath, S (eds.). Abstract Proceedings of the International Conference on In situ and Ex situ Biodiversity Conservation in the New Millenium . Yayasan Sabah/Innoprise Corporation Sdn Bhd.

Book

Ramlah Zainudin, H.A. Wahid & M.A.Rahman 2012. Croaks of the Bornean frog: The Hylarana of Sarawak’. UNIMAS Publication

Chapter in a book

Zainudin, R. 2010.Distance and Parsimony Inferences. In Zainudin, R., R. Hassan, Y. Esa & SAK, Ab Rahim. (eds.). Basic Computational Phylogenetic Analysis (Windows platform). Dept.of Zoology/Aquatic Science, Faculty of Resource Science and Technology.UNIMAS, Kota Samarahan Sarawak.

Zainudin, R. 2010.Likelihood Inferences. In Zainudin, R., R. Hassan, Y. Esa & SAK, Ab Rahim. (eds.). Basic Computational Phylogenetic Analysis (Windows platform). Dept.of Zoology/Aquatic Science, Faculty of Resource Science and Technology.UNIMAS, Kota Samarahan Sarawak.

Zainudin, R. 2010. Bayesian Inferences. In Zainudin, R., R. Hassan, Y. Esa & SAK, Ab Rahim. (eds.). Basic Computational Phylogenetic Analysis (Windows platform). Dept.of Zoology/Aquatic Science, Faculty of Resource Science and Technology.UNIMAS, Kota Samarahan Sarawak.

Zainudin, R. 2010. Population Genetic Analysis. In Zainudin, R., R. Hassan, Y. Esa & SAK, Ab Rahim. (eds.). Basic Computational Phylogenetic Analysis (Windows platform). Dept.of Zoology/Aquatic Science, Faculty of Resource Science and Technology.UNIMAS, Kota Samarahan Sarawak.

A Brief Note on Frogs of Bario, Kelabit Highlands, Sarawak. In Ghazally, I. & Laily, Din. (eds.).A Scientific Journey Through Borneo; Bario The Kelabit Highlands of Sarawak . Pelanduk Publications.

An Account of Anuran at Crocker Range National Park, Sabah Malaysia. In Scientific Journey through Borneo: The Crocker Range National Park Sabah Volume 1: Natural Ecosystems and Species Components. (G. Ismail & L. Ali, eds) Asean Academic Press Ltd. London

Peat swamp frogs of Borneo. In. Tuen, A.A. & Das, I. Wallace in Sarawak-150 Years later. An International Conference on biogeography and biodiversity. Pp.178-181. Kota Samarahan. Institute of Biodiversity And environmental Conservation. University Malaysia Sarawak.

The Amphibian fauna. In Abang, F. & Das, I. (eds.). The Biodiversity of a peat swamp forest in Sarawak . Pp 107-114. Kota Samarahan, Sarawak. University Malaysia Sarawak.

 

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