Politics and Government Programme

POLITICS AND GOVERNMENT PROGRAMME (WA21)

 

Concept and Rationale

 

Politics and Government Programme offers a holistic and practical approach to the study of political science. As political science is very broad in nature, this programme offers courses which expose the students to a variety of sub-fields in political science. These sub-fields include political economy, public policies, Malaysian politics, comparative politics and governance. These courses are designed to meet these nine learning outcomes:

 

  • Demonstrate understanding in the sub-fields in political science which include public administration, Malaysian politics, comparative politics, public policies, international politics and political theories,
  • Demonstrate competency in conducting research and writing academic papers relating to the political science discipline,
  • Solving problem in a critical manner, particularly in the context of current political issues and problems,
  • Develop and disseminate ideas with clarity and confidence,
  • Lead a group or groups, and/or discussion,
  • Demonstrate excellent values, trustworthiness , discipline and responsible in everyday lives as well as in the work environment,
  • Demonstrate enthusiasm in lifelong learning pursuits,
  • Manage both public and private organizations efficiently, and
  • Demonstrate good leadership qualities.

 

Course Offered

 

Courses offered during the three years program are as below:

 

Year 1

SSF 1023 Contemporary Pschology

The course introduces students to the application of psychological concepts in contemporary society. Main areas of psychology taught in this course are general psychology, developmental, social and abnormal psychology. This also includes key topics such as learning, memory, social communication and motivation which will also be discussed in-depth in order to bring about understanding their relevancy to everyday life and work. Different core psychological domains such as cognition, social, perception and emotion that are fundamental to understanding of human behaviour will be examined.

SSF 1044 Introduction to Anthropology and Sociology

Anthropology and sociology are two distinctive disciplines BUT at the same time fundamentally share one common characteristic, that is, the study of human phenomena. More often than not sociology is perceived as the study of human social life in urban societies whereas anthropology is the study of human cultures and rural communities. While sociology is usually perceived to study social behaviors such as juvenile delinquency, family structure and criminal behaviors, anthropology tends to study cultural functions such as the rites of passage, kinship and ritual chastisement.

In this course, the student is expected to understand that anthropology and sociology do not merely give them the academic insight to society but also plays a fundamental role in their lives as they attempt to understand the wider facets of social relationships and experiences. More importantly, introducing anthropology and sociology will hopefully enable the student to critically question what they already know and claim to understand as being part of their society.

SSF 1063 Communication  and Society

This course will discuss the changes in patterns of communication within a society by focusing on the historical transition from traditional communication system, its transformation processes, to its contemporary modern forms. The characteristics of communication that will be focused in this course are human and mass communication. Among the topics that will be discussed will be culture and society, media literacy, general opinion, persuasion, new communication technology and its effects on society, and towards information society.

SSF 1083  Gender, Ethnicity and Class

Societies are not just simply an amorphous mass of people. A society is characterised by differentiation of people into various categories according to social divisions such as gender, ethnicity and class. These divisions form the basis for the distribution of power, status and opportunities. Who we are depends on how and where we fit into society. An understanding of how the intersection of these forces work in the life of an individual is imperative for all students of social sciences.

SSF 1093 Statistics for Social Sciences

This course is an introduction to statistical concepts in various fields of the social sciences.  The course consists of: (1) Descriptive statistics which cover univariate and multivariate data, probabilities, the normal distribution and variability sampling; (2) Inferential statistics which deal with hypothesis testing, analysis of variance (ANOVA), linear correlation and regression analysis.

SSF 1013 Introduction to Social Science

This course contextualises the historical development of the social sciences within world civilization. It introduces students to important social science terminology in preparation for the understanding of other courses in the faculty. It also gives students an opportunity to conceptualise and explain social reality through social science perspectives.

SSF 1033 Introduction to Malaysian Social History

This is not a conventional history course which deals with events in a chronological order.  Instead, it discusses history thematically and exposes the student to the processes of social and historical transformation.

 SSF 1053 Introduction to Politicial Science

This course highlights in detail the range of academic topics in political science to include theoretical approaches, basic concepts and definition of politics in the context of formal government institutions, power relations, value distribution systems and public policies. In addition, concepts about power, states, sovereignty and political culture will be covered. This course also discusses basic political concepts which later pave the way for constructing debates and discussions of current political affairs. There are four components in this introductory course namely; the field of political science, political institutions, political processes and politics and society. With emphasis on these four areas, it is hoped that students will be able to critically analyse and understand the subject of political science.

SSF 1074 Modern Economics

This course is divided into three major sections, namely, Section I: Understanding basic economic concepts, principles and theories; Section II: Understanding national and global Economy, and Section III: Analysing social issues from the economic perspective. Section I exposes students to topics related to the definition of economics, some basic economic concepts, principles and theories and their relationship to us.  Theories of demand and supply, the application of elasticity concept, as well as different market structures will be discussed in Section I. Section II helps students to relate national economy to their daily lives. Topics covered in this section include measuring a nation?s income, measuring the cost of living, money and banking system, unemployment, foreign exchange, international trade and its importance among nations. Some basic concepts of open-economy macroeconomics as well as economic growth and public policy will also be discussed in Section II. The final section provides students with the opportunity to apply their understanding and knowledge concerning basic economic principles on contemporary social issues that are related to their respective field of study.

 

Year 2

SSF 2014 Research Methods in Social Sciences

SSP 2013 Malaysian Political System

Topik-topik yang dibincangkan dalam kursus ini meliputi sistem pemerintahan sejarah dan politik tanah air. Turut dibincangkan ialah instituti-institusi kerajaan, insititusi raja, perlembagaan persekutuan, perkembangan organisasi politik, pilihanraya, federalisme, integrasi nasional dan pembinaan bangsa Malaysia dalam masyarakat majmuk.

SSP 2024 Malaysian Legal System

Dalam kursus ini para pelajar akan mempelajari topik-topik seperti sistem, asal usul dan sumber undang-undang negara, keutuhan perlembagaan, kehakiman dan pentadbiran undang-undang dan keadilan, potensi konflik antara pelbagai aspek undang-undang tersebut, dan tata pelaksanaan undang-undang. Para pelajar juga akan didedahkan kepada proses pembuatan dan penggubalan undang-undang, dan kesan sistem perundangan terhadap sistem politik, prosedur dan amalan sivil di mahkamah, prosedur dan perbicaraan jenayah di mahkamah, dan konsep ?precedent? dan ?stare decisis?

SSP 2034 Modern Political Thoughts

SSF 2063 Approaches to Social Inquiry

This course examines the philosophical foundation for the creation of knowledge in the social sciences. Students will be exposed to the major school of thoughts concerning social sciences as a science. The course explores the intersection between knowledge, society and culture, and interrogates knowledge production from a social science perspective. Topics that will be included in this course are the theoretical debates in sociology of knowledge, the relationship between empirical knowledge and cultural values or ideologies.

SSF 2034 Malaysian Social Theory

SSP 2043 Comparative Political System

Kursus ini akan mendedahkan pelajar kepada ciri-ciri pemerintahan, teori dan proses politik serta perubahan politik di negara demokratik dan bukan demokratik. Negara demokratik dibahagikan kepada negara yang mengamalkan sistem berparlimen dan berpresiden. Negara bukan demokratik pula dibahagikan kepada negara komunis atau sosialis dan negara di bawah pemerintahan tentera. Negara-negara demokratik yang dipilih untuk dikaji adalah Britain dan Australia untuk sistem demokrasi berparlimen, Amerika Syarikat bagi negara demokrasi berpresiden, dan Perancis untuk sistem campuran berpresiden dan berparlimen. Negara-negara komunis yang dipilih adalah Russia (atau USSR) dan Republik Cina. Australia dan Britain dipilih kerana Australia adalah sebuah negara persekutuan manakala Britain sebuah negara unitari (kesatuan).

 SSP 2054 Public Policy

Kursus ini direka untuk memperkenalkan pelajar kepada dunia pembuatan dasar.  Pembuatan dasar adalah proses politik dan dipenuhi oleh nilai-nilai. Pemahaman mengenai dasar awam melibatkan pemahaman mengenai pelbagai faktor yang mempengaruhi pembentukannya. Kursus ini akan memperkenalkan para pelajar kepada kandungan normatif dasar seperti idea, ideologi, dan objektif iaitu perkara penting dalam pembuatan dasar. Para pelajar juga akan mempelajari proses membuat dasar, teori membuat keputusan, dan kategori dasar. Hubungan antara pembuatan dasar dan politik juga turut dibincangkan.

 

Year 3

SSF 3036 Final Year Project

Kursus Disertasi merupakan sebahagian daripada syarat untuk penganugerahan Ijazah Sarjana Muda Sains Sosial.

SSP 3014 Democracy and Social Movement

Kursus ini dibahagikan kepada dua bahagian. Bahagian pertama membincangkan tentang konsep demokrasi dengan memberikan tumpuan kepada pengertian demokrasi, teori serta perkembangannya dan penilaian terhadap amalan sistem tersebut. Di samping itu, bahagian pertama turut menganalisis proses pendemokrasian yang berlaku di negara bekas blok komunis seperti Eropah Timur dan negara membangun yang lain seperti Indonesia. Kejatuhan komunis pada tahun 1980an di kalangan negara Eropah Timur merupakan pencetus kepada merebaknya proses pendemokrasian di kalangan negara dunia. Justeru, adalah penting bagi kursus ini mengkaji proses pendemokrasian yang berlaku di Eropah Timur bagi mendedahkan kepada pelajar proses awal berlakunya pendemokrasian di kalangan negara Barat. Bagi tujuan perbandingan, kursus ini turut menganalisis proses pendemokrasian yang berlaku di kalangan negara membangun di Asia. Untuk itu, Indonesia dipilih bagi tujuan analisis perbandingan. Bahagian kedua kursus pula akan mengkaji tentang konsep pergerakan sosial dengan mendalam. Perbincangan tentang pergerakan sosial ini merangkumi aspek teoretikal, impak pergerakan tersebut terhadap sektor ekonomi dan institusi politik sesebuah negara, dan penilaian terhadap pergerakan sosial di dua buah negara contoh iaitu Palestin dan Britain. Kedua-dua negara ini dipilih bagi mengkaji perbezaan corak pergerakan sosial yang berlaku di negara membangun dan negara maju.

SSP 3024 Politics and Local Government

Walaupun kerajaan tempatan adalah kerajaan yang paling dekat dengan rakyat, ianya juga merupakan jenis kerajaan yang kurang dikenali di antara tiga jenis kerajaan. Kerajaan tempatan memainkan peranan yang penting di dalam pembangunan mapan, di dalam menentukan persekitaran yang bersih, sihat dan selamat, di dalam pemberian perkhidmatan sosial dan kesihatan, dan di dalam menentukan sistem demokrasi berfungsi dengan baik. Kerajaan tempatan wujud kerana rakyat mahukan kebebasan tempatan dan pengelibatan dalam membuat keputusan yang mempengaruhi kawasan tempatan.

Kursus ini bertujuan untuk mendedahkan para pelajar kepada pelbagai konsep, prinsip, teori dan istillah yang mempunyai kaitan dengan kerajaan tempatan dan politiknya. Para pelajar akan mempelajari bagaimana politik tempatan mempengaruhi pemberian perkhidmatan dan pembangunan di kawasan tempatan, di pekan dan di bandaraya. Untuk memahami perkara ini dengan lebih mendalam, para pelajar harus dapat memahami isu-isu tempatan seperti perumahan supaya mereka dapat menilai bagaimana isu-isu tersebut dapat mempengaruhi dan dipengaruhi oleh pembuatan keputusan dan inisiatif di kawasan tempatan.  Personaliti, fungsi, dan peranan Datuk Bandar juga akan dikaji, kerana elemen-elemen tersebut juga mempengaruhi proses politik di kawasan tempatan. Hubungan pusat-tempatan merupakan satu lagi topik penting yang akan dikaji. Hubungan pusat-tempatan akan menentukan darjat disentralisasi yang akan diamal dan kuasa diskrisionari kawasan tempatan.

SSR 3024 Public Sector and Corporate Management

Sektor awam terdiri daripada pelbagai organisasi yang menjalankan pelbagai aktiviti. Organisasi-organisasi tersebut dibentuk oleh kerajaan untuk  mencapai matlamat politik, objektive politik, dan dasar kerajaan. Model tradisi pentadbiran awam yang telah diadaptasikan untuk mengurus organisasi awam telah didapati terlalu birokratik, sangat tidak efisien, dan terlalu terhad atau rigid. Organisasi awam perlu mengalami perubahan ketara jika Negara ingin maju kerana:

a)    kriteria kejayaan dalam organisasi awam tidak sejelas kriteria  kejayaan dalam sektor swasta;

b)    organisasi awam memberi tumpuan lebih kepada proses; dan

c)    organisasi awam juga mengabaikan keputusan. Pelbagai mekanisme pembaharuan telah diaksanakan untuk menyelesaikan masalah yang dihadapi organisasi awam termasuk membenarkan organisasi swasta memainkan peranan sebagai pembekal barangan dan perkhidmatan.

Pengurusan awam yang baru (new public management) membolehkan kerajaan untuk memberi tumpuan lebih kepada perkara-perkara yang lebih besar dan penting. Matlamat pendekatan baru pengurusan awam adalah untuk mengurangkan pembaziran wang rakyat, dan ini adalah sebab utama pembaharuan berlaku dalam sektor awam.  Kursus ini akan menolong pelajar untuk memahami keperluan untuk mengadaptasikan teknik pengurusan korporat dan governan korporat ke dalam sektor awam.

SSR 3044 Project Evaluation and Cost Benefit Analysis

Kursus ini mengenalkan kepada pelajar unsur-unsur asas dalam penilaian projek dan analisis kos faedah.  Ia menyentuh konsep-konsep perancangan, pengurusan, pelaksanaan dan penilaian projek awam dan swasta, khususnya isu-isu yang menyentuh kebajikan sosial dan impak antara generasi.  Ia juga mendedahkan kepada kaedah tentang cara dan bila menggunakan alat-alat perancangan di dalam pemilihan dan penilaian projek.

SSF 3014 Sociology of Development

It is imperative for social science students living in the developing world to have an understanding of the theories which govern development practices. Development is a controversial term and far from that which has a taken for granted meaning.  This course takes students not only through the various theories on development but also introduces feminist critiques to these development theories.  An understanding of these critiques is imperative as development is a gendered process.

SSF 3036 Final Year Project

Kursus Disertasi merupakan sebahagian daripada syarat untuk penganugerahan Ijazah Sarjana Muda Sains Sosial.

SSP 3034 Politics of Developing Countries

Kursus ini pada awalnya akan memperkenalkan pelajar kepada ciri-ciri negara membangun, konsep serta teori dasar yang penting dalam perbincangan tentang negara membangun. Kajian tentang kesan-kesan kolonialisme, nasionalisme dan modenisasi ke atas perkembangan pemikiran politik serta institusi politik di negara membangun akan turut disentuh. Selain itu, kursus ini juga membincangkan peranan wanita dan elit politik, kerajaan tentera, serta proses ke arah pendemokrasian politik di negara membangun. Akhir sekali, kursus ini melihat sepintas lalu cabaran-cabaran serta isu-isu penting dalam hubungan antara negara membangun dengan negara maju.

SSP 3043 Political Ecology

Kursus ini akan membincangkan kerangka teori dan analisis kajian kes di pelbagai kawasan termasuklah di Malaysia. Kursus ini akan dibahagikan kepada lima bahagian. Bahagian pertama akan menyentuh tentang konsep ekologi politik. Bahagian kedua akan mengenalpasti sumber-sumber dan aktor-aktor yang menyebabkan perubahan alam sekitar dan kesan-kesannya. Bahagian ketiga akan membincangkan latarbelakang polisi alam sekitar negara-negara membangun dan membandingkan polisi-polisi tersebut serta keberkesanannya.  Bahagian keempat pula akan mendedahkan pelajar kepada pendekatan pengurusan ekosistem dan aplikasinya dalam menghadapi isu-isu alam sekitar. Bahagian terakhir kursus akan menyediakan pelbagai kajian kes yang akan menyentuh tentang konflik akses penggunaan sumber alam sekitar.

SSP 3043 Public Finance

Istilah kewangan awam merujuk kepada kajian ke atas hasil dan perbelanjaan sektor awam. Kursus ini akan menilai perbelanjaan kerajaan, percukaian, dan hutang kerajaan. Di samping itu, kursus ini juga akan membincangkan prinsip asas dalam kewangan awam, proses bajet, dan kesan bajet ke atas kestabilan ekonomi, pembangunan dan ekuiti.

International Studies Programme

INTERNATIONAL STUDIES PROGRAMME (WA15)

 

Concept and Rationale

 

International Studies introduces students to the formation of international system and relations between modern states since the Westphalia Agreement in 1648 through historical and theoretical frameworks. At the same time, this program examines the international system in the contemporary context that is increasingly complex with the emerging of actors and new challenges. As such, this program gives focuses on issues related to international laws, global economy, modern diplomacy, negotiation and conflict resolution, foreign policy, security and defence, and other contemporary issues. As a whole, this program, prepares students with theoretical and practical knowledge that need to be mastered by international relations' practitioners like diplomats and international trade delegates.

 

It is hoped that by the end of their studies, the students from this specialization programme are able to meet these learning outcomes:

 

  • Evaluate issues from different perspectives such as historical, theoretical, law, economic, environmental, political and security aspects,
  • Instill good and effective reading, writing, research and communication skills,
  • Apply their knowledge in the context of daily routines and interpret related global and current issues,
  • Develop good personal characteristics and able to contribute to the development of positive and ethical human capital,
  • Apply good communication skills, both verbal and written, and possess good leadership quality, efficient and able to work in a team,
  • Think in a critical, analytical and creative manner based on sound academic knowledge,
  • Apply knowledge obtained from this course in related context in everyday lives, and
  • Demonstrate the skills in planning, managing and evaluating a project, as well as exploring entrepreneurial opportunities.

 

Course Offered

 

Courses offered during the three years program are as below:

 

Year 1

SSF 1023 Contemporary Psychology

The course introduces students to the application of psychological concepts in contemporary society. Main areas of psychology taught in this course are general psychology, developmental, social and abnormal psychology. This also includes key topics such as learning, memory, social communication and motivation which will also be discussed in-depth in order to bring about understanding their relevancy to everyday life and work. Different core psychological domains such as cognition, social, perception and emotion that are fundamental to understanding of human behaviour will be examined.

SSF 1044 Introduction to Anthropology and Sociology

Anthropology and sociology are two distinctive disciplines BUT at the same time fundamentally share one common characteristic, that is, the study of human phenomena. More often than not sociology is perceived as the study of human social life in urban societies whereas anthropology is the study of human cultures and rural communities. While sociology is usually perceived to study social behaviors such as juvenile delinquency, family structure and criminal behaviors, anthropology tends to study cultural functions such as the rites of passage, kinship and ritual chastisement.

In this course, the student is expected to understand that anthropology and sociology do not merely give them the academic insight to society but also plays a fundamental role in their lives as they attempt to understand the wider facets of social relationships and experiences. More importantly, introducing anthropology and sociology will hopefully enable the student to critically question what they already know and claim to understand as being part of their society.

SSF 1063 Communication  and Society

This course will discuss the changes in patterns of communication within a society by focusing on the historical transition from traditional communication system, its transformation processes, to its contemporary modern forms. The characteristics of communication that will be focused in this course are human and mass communication. Among the topics that will be discussed will be culture and society, media literacy, general opinion, persuasion, new communication technology and its effects on society, and towards information society.

SSF 1083 Gender, Ethnicity and Class

Societies are not just simply an amorphous mass of people. A society is characterised by differentiation of people into various categories according to social divisions such as gender, ethnicity and class. These divisions form the basis for the distribution of power, status and opportunities. Who we are depends on how and where we fit into society. An understanding of how the intersection of these forces work in the life of an individual is imperative for all students of social sciences.

SSF 1093 Statistics for Social Sciences

This course is an introduction to statistical concepts in various fields of the social sciences.  The course consists of: (1) Descriptive statistics which cover univariate and multivariate data, probabilities, the normal distribution and variability sampling; (2) Inferential statistics which deal with hypothesis testing, analysis of variance (ANOVA), linear correlation and regression analysis.

SSF 1013 Introduction to Social Science

This course contextualises the historical development of the social sciences within world civilization. It introduces students to important social science terminology in preparation for the understanding of other courses in the faculty. It also gives students an opportunity to conceptualise and explain social reality through social science perspectives.

SSF 1033 Introduction to Malaysian Social History

This is not a conventional history course which deals with events in a chronological order.  Instead, it discusses history thematically and exposes the student to the processes of social and historical transformation.

 SSF 1053 Introduction to Politicial Science

This course highlights in detail the range of academic topics in political science to include theoretical approaches, basic concepts and definition of politics in the context of formal government institutions, power relations, value distribution systems and public policies. In addition, concepts about power, states, sovereignty and political culture will be covered. This course also discusses basic political concepts which later pave the way for constructing debates and discussions of current political affairs. There are four components in this introductory course namely; the field of political science, political institutions, political processes and politics and society. With emphasis on these four areas, it is hoped that students will be able to critically analyse and understand the subject of political science.

SSF 1074 Modern Economics

This course is divided into three major sections, namely, Section I: Understanding basic economic concepts, principles and theories; Section II: Understanding national and global Economy, and Section III: Analysing social issues from the economic perspective. Section I exposes students to topics related to the definition of economics, some basic economic concepts, principles and theories and their relationship to us.  Theories of demand and supply, the application of elasticity concept, as well as different market structures will be discussed in Section I. Section II helps students to relate national economy to their daily lives. Topics covered in this section include measuring a nation?s income, measuring the cost of living, money and banking system, unemployment, foreign exchange, international trade and its importance among nations. Some basic concepts of open-economy macroeconomics as well as economic growth and public policy will also be discussed in Section II. The final section provides students with the opportunity to apply their understanding and knowledge concerning basic economic principles on contemporary social issues that are related to their respective field of study.

 

Year 2

SSF 2014 Research Methods in Social Sciences

SSA 2014 Introduction to International Relations

The core of the course will be focused on the direction and development of history which have significant contribution in the formation of contemporary international relations. The course discusses how the world shifts from emphasizing on the ?hard power? of military force to the ?soft power? of economic influence. Finally, the course will also look at the evolution of the world system, the various forms of new world order as well as analysing the trends of international relations in the 21st century.

SSA 2024 Foreign  Policy  Analysis and International Relations

Dasar luar negara merupakan instrumen penting dalam hubungan antarabangsa. Dasar luar negara amat dipengaruhi oleh kedudukan sesebuah negara dalam sistem antarabangsa serta seterusnya mempengaruhi hubungannya dengan negara lain. Kursus ini dibahagi kepada dua bahagian: bahagian pertama  melihat proses pembentukan dan pelaksanaan dasar luar. Bahagian kedua pula menganalisis dasar luar dalam konteks hubungan antarabangsa yang meliputi teori dasar luar, metod and model dalam paradigma hubungan antarabangsa; instrumen-instrumen yang digunakan dalam proses pembentukan dasar luar; dan  juga isu-isu kontemporari seperti moral, etika dan undang-undang antarabangsa dalam dasar luar.

SSA 2033 International Relations: Theory and Practice

Kursus ini merupakan kursus pengenalan bagi hubungan antarabangsa. Kursus ini akan merangkumi konsep-konsep dan teori-teori yang relevan dalam isu-isu hubungan antarabangsa kontemporari/semasa. Kursus ini bertujuan untuk menganalisa subjek hubungan antarabangsa melalui pendekatan asas secara akademik.

Bahagian pertama kursus ini akan memfokuskan perkembangan falsafah hubungan antarabangsa.  Oleh yang demikian kursus ini akan memfokuskan kepada pengajian ke atas teori-teori yang telah menyumbang kepada perdebatan dan perbincangan dan pengaruhnya ke atas keputusan yang diambil oleh aktor-aktor yang terlibat. Teori-teori seperti Realisme, Neo-Realisme, Liberalism, dan Neo-Liberalism yang mendominasi dalam bidang hubungan antarabangsa akan diperkenalkan dalam bahagian pertama kursus ini. Bahagian seterusnya akan membincangkan pendekatan-pendekatan dalam pengurusan konflik berdasarkan teori-teori ini. Bahagian ini juga akan mendedahkan pelajar-pelajar tentang teori-teori ini dan juga pendekatan lain secara praktikal seperti resolusi konflik yang pernah diaplikasikan bagi menangani konflik dan juga sebagai cara memahami bagaimana alat-alat ini berfungsi dalam hubungan antarabangsa.

SSF 2063 Approaches to Social Inquiry

This course examines the philosophical foundation for the creation of knowledge in the social sciences. Students will be exposed to the major school of thoughts concerning social sciences as a science. The course explores the intersection between knowledge, society and culture, and interrogates knowledge production from a social science perspective. Topics that will be included in this course are the theoretical debates in sociology of knowledge, the relationship between empirical knowledge and cultural values or ideologies.

SSF 2034 Social Theory

SSA 2044 Introduction to International Economics

International economics is a field of study which assesses the implications of international trade in goods and services and international finance. There are two broad sub-areas under within the study of international economics. Therefore, in the first half of the course, sources of comparative advantage, gains and losses from trade, the impact of trade on economic growth and effects of trade policy interventions such as tariff, quota, export subsidies and voluntary export restraints will be highlighted. International agreements on regional economic cooperation particularly on custom union will also be discussed. In the second half of the course, topics on international finance will include balance of payments, macroeconomic policy in the open economy under different exchange rate regimes and the issue of growth, crisis and reform in developing countries.

SSA 2054 International Politics of Asia Pacific

Keselamatan serantau di Asia Pasifik telah mengalami satu perubahan selepas tamatnya Perang Dingin. Selaras dengan perubahan ini, kursus ini menganalisa isu keselamatan serantau yang banyak mempengaruhi rantau Asia Pasifik. Antara beberapa isu keselamatan yang dikaji adalah definisi dan konsep keselamatan (security) serta konsep-konsep keselamatan yang relevan, kemunculan dan pengaruh kuasa-kuasa besar seperti Amerika Syarikat, China dan India, isu tuntutan wilayah, pakatan tentera, institusi berbagai hala (multilateralism), terrorism, institusi keselamatan seperti ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF), Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) dan mekanisma lain yang digunakan dalam mengendalikan isu-isu keselamatan ini.

 

Year 3

SSF 3036 Final Year Project

Kursus Disertasi merupakan sebahagian daripada syarat untuk penganugerahan Ijazah Sarjana Muda Sains Sosial.

SSA 3014 Introduction to International Law

This course endeavors to introduce the system of international law to students whose interests lie in the arena of international relations. International law is pertinent to the study of governance – domestic as well as external. We will be learning the formation, development, application and effectiveness of international law.

This course introduces international law and focuses on the various sources by which international law was formed. It also discusses the scope of international law (territory and jurisdiction) followed by the responsibility of states to their own citizens and to aliens or visitors. The Law of the Sea and problems in the implementation of international law will be covered quite comprehensively. Finally, the course will tackle some contemporary issues in international law such as laws of war, international humanitarian law and international environmental law.

SSA 3024 ASEAN Politics

Pendekatan kepada kursus ini adalah mengikut beberapa bahagian. Bahagian pertama akan menumpukan kepada latar belakang penubuhan, sejarah, rasional, struktur serta keahlian dan faktor penubuhan ASEAN. Bahagian kedua pula akan membincangkan perkembangan ahli-ahli ASEAN serta polisi ASEAN dalam menangani isu-isu serantau juga isu-isu global. Tahap seterusnya akan menilai kewibaan serta kematangan ASEAN sebagai sebuah organisasi serantau  berdepan dengan isu-isu kepentingan nasional versus kepentingan organisasi. Kursus ini akan melihat peranan ASEAN  dalam konteks global serta sumbangannya di arena anatarabanga. Akhir sekali, kursus ini juga akan menyentuh sedikit sebanyak mengenai peranan yang dimainkan oleh China sebagai sebuah kuasa ekonomi serta politik yang terbesar di Asia dan membincangkan bagaimana ASEAN deals dengan China.

SSA 3033 Security and National Defence

This course focuses on the concepts of security and its relevance to the national interest. The course identifies emerging issues which threaten national security such as the ?war on drug?, economic competition, national budget and arms race. Apart from that, the course will also study the structure, the changes, the control and the importance of nuclear arm balance.

SSA 3044 Contemporary Issues in International Relations

Kadar perubahan di dalam hubungan antarabangsa semakin meningkat, malah lebih pesat dari perubahan evolusi organisasi PBB yang kita pandukan untuk mengurus perubahan di dalam masyarakat antarabangsa. Globalisasi adalah salah satu pembaharuan doktrin sosial/politik/ekonomi yang telah timbul dalam abad ke 20 dan semakin pesat/penting pada abad ke 21.  Sebagai sebuah proses perubahan, globalisasi telah menyebabkan kadar kebergantungan di antara negara-negara di dunia dalam hampir semua perkara menjadi semakin menyeluruh sementara dunia ini semakin 'mengecil' dan berbentuk 'desa sejagat'. Di dalam kuliah perbincangan dengan pelajar dibuat secara mendalam mengenai isu-isu semasa hubungan antarabangsa, termasuklah sejarah dan teori yang berkenaan. Mereka kemudian dikehendaki untuk mengkaji isu-isu antarabangsa, menganalisa sejarah dan bagaimana tindakan dan penyelesaian oleh masyarakat antarabangsa untuk mengatasi dan menguruskan isu atau keadaan tersebut.

SSF 3014 Sociology of Development

It is imperative for social science students living in the developing world to have an understanding of the theories which govern development practices. Development is a controversial term and far from that which has a taken for granted meaning.  This course takes students not only through the various theories on development but also introduces feminist critiques to these development theories.  An understanding of these critiques is imperative as development is a gendered process.

SSF 3036 Final Year Project

Kursus Disertasi merupakan sebahagian daripada syarat untuk penganugerahan Ijazah Sarjana Muda Sains Sosial.

SSA 3054 Negotiation and Conflict Resolution in International Relations

Kursus ini secara keseluruhannya menganalisa perkembangan diplomasi sebagai satu mekanisma perundingan dan resolusi konflik di abad ke 21. Kursus ini dibahagikan kepada tiga bahagian: bahagian pertama akan menganalisa bagaimana definisi serta interpretasi konsep diplomasi berubah. Selain daripada itu, alat-alat diplomasi (diplomatic tools) serta kegunaan alat-alat ini dalam perlaksanaan satu-satu konflik turut dikaji. Bahagian kedua kursus ini akan memfokuskan kepada perundingan sebagai satu alat bagi menyelesaikan masalah konflik yang wujud dalam masyarakat yang berbeza budaya. Selain itu, peranan dan limitasi PBB sebagai aktor perundingan akan turut dibincangkan. Justeru itu, beberapa kajian kes akan diketengahkan untuk menganalisa keberkesanan penggunaan alat-alat diplomasi. Bahagian ketiga akan meliputi perbincangan tentang kajian keamanan dan resolusi konflik dimana pendekata-pendekatan seperti pengurusan konflik, penyelesaian konflik dan pencegahan konflik akan dibincangkan dengan menggunakan kes-kes kajian.

SSP 3034 Politics of Developing Countries

Kursus ini pada awalnya akan memperkenalkan pelajar kepada ciri-ciri negara membangun, konsep serta teori dasar yang penting dalam perbincangan tentang negara membangun. Kajian tentang kesan-kesan kolonialisme, nasionalisme dan modenisasi ke atas perkembangan pemikiran politik serta institusi politik di negara membangun akan turut disentuh. Selain itu, kursus ini juga membincangkan peranan wanita dan elit politik, kerajaan tentera, serta proses ke arah pendemokrasian politik di negara membangun. Akhir sekali, kursus ini melihat sepintas lalu cabaran-cabaran serta isu-isu penting dalam hubungan antara negara membangun dengan negara maju.

SSP 3034 Political Ecology

Kursus ini akan membincangkan kerangka teori dan analisis kajian kes di pelbagai kawasan termasuklah di Malaysia. Kursus ini akan dibahagikan kepada lima bahagian. Bahagian pertama akan menyentuh tentang konsep ekologi politik. Bahagian kedua akan mengenalpasti sumber-sumber dan aktor-aktor yang menyebabkan perubahan alam sekitar dan kesan-kesannya. Bahagian ketiga akan membincangkan latarbelakang polisi alam sekitar negara-negara membangun dan membandingkan polisi-polisi tersebut serta keberkesanannya.  Bahagian keempat pula akan mendedahkan pelajar kepada pendekatan pengurusan ekosistem dan aplikasinya dalam menghadapi isu-isu alam sekitar. Bahagian terakhir kursus akan menyediakan pelbagai kajian kes yang akan menyentuh tentang konflik akses penggunaan sumber alam sekitar.

Department of Politics and International Relations

Introduction

The department combines the two disciplines of International Relations and Politics and Government Studies. Both are an increasingly important academic disciplines. Political issues and happenings change from time to time, and this department will brave the wave of change and research its impact and processes towards political institutions  and agents  in the present context. Political Science is the systematic study of how political values, both positive and negative, are allocated among individuals, groups, socio-economic classes, regions, and nation-states. Meanwhile the emergence  of the “global village” requires a proper  understanding of the linkages between nations and culture in this new world. No state can avoid from being integrated into a universal and interdependent world system. The department aims to expose students to the practical aspect of International Relations and offers a holistic and practical approach to the study of political science. It equips students with analytical tools to understand the complex political issues and relationships of the contemporary era. It is also designed to accommodate a range of professional and intellectual needs. The members of the department also conduct research based on niche areas. One of the niche areas is political culture and change in Borneo, specifically to explore the evolving developments in Sabah and Sarawak.

 

Programme Offered

International Studies Programme

Politics and Government Programme

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